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Wheat is grown on a larger area worldwide than any other crop. Globally, 760 million tonnes was produced in the 2017/18 season.  In Scotland, 99,800 hectares of wheat were grown during 2018.

Wheat is responsible for approximately 19% of the calories, and approximately 20% of the protein consumed internationally, making it one of the most important crops to be grown.

In Scotland, wheat production is primarily for feed for the livestock industry but some wheat is also grown for processing into the food sector, some is grown for seed and some is used for industrial processes such as the production of bioethanol.

Scottish wheat is usually a soft variety as the hard varieties used for milling and bread making are not well suited to the Scottish climate.

A hand examining an ear of wheat

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