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Soils are a fundamental component of every farm business, and so caring for, protecting and improving soil is important for business sustainability, productivity and profitability.

Correct soil management and targeted nutrient use are essential to maximise agricultural efficiency and minimise losses to the environment. If mismanaged, both soils and organic and inorganic nutrients can lead to an increase in greenhouse gas emissions and diffuse pollution risks affecting surrounding water quality. On the contrary, a teaspoon of healthy soil contains billions of bacteria, kilometres of fungi and thousands of microscopic animals.

This section provides information on managing soils to reduce erosion, fertiliser costs and nutrient losses, as well as improving soil structure and health, soil carbon sequestration potential, and crop productivity. Our Valuing Your Soils booklet is a key resource providing practical advice for farmers.

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