Woodland Creation (Native)
When considering creation of native woodland it is important to consider both site and tree selection. You want to ensure that you are choosing the right type of woodland to go in the right place for the right reason. Native woodland has all of the benefits of a commercial scheme but usually with less long term management. Some benefits include shelter, making use of less productive ground, sediment control, bank stabilisation and connecting existing woodlands to expand this nature resource.
Consider the following things when thinking about the location of your native woodland;
- Are there any issue with peat?(>50cm)
- Are there any designations? (SSSI, Archaeology etc.)
- Presence of existing native woodlands
- Access for ground preparation, fencing and planting
The Forestry Commission Map Viewer website will show you suitability of different grant options for woodland type i.e. Native Scots Pine, Native Broadleaves, Native Upland Birch.
A good starting point for species choice is the Ecological Site Classification website. Using modelled data this will give you a list of tree species which should perform well at your chosen site.
Having a mix of species can help with both pest and disease resistance.
When considering native woodland creation it useful to take note of existing native tree species in your area as these are more likely to perform well. For example native Scots Pine within the Cairngorm National Park whereas Birch, Willows and Alder are more suited to wetter environments. If you have pockets of better ground within the area you are considering species such as Oak may be suitable.
Scottish Rural Development Program under the Forestry Grant Scheme offers both capital and management payments for woodland creation. More information about available payments and target areas can be found here.
Woodland creation on crofts podcast
TN691 – Plants and Planting Methods
Scottish farmers offered support to access £252m available for woodland planting and management
Woodland Creation Update – Forestry Commission Scotland
Case Study – Woodlands for Water
TN690 – Protecting Young Woodlands from Vole Damage
If you would like additional information regarding native woodland creation that is more specific to your needs then contact our helpline and ask for a member of the woodlands team.
Sign up to the FAS newsletter
Receive updates on news, events and publications from Scotland’s Farm Advisory Service