Woodland Creation (Native)
When considering the creation of native woodland it is important to consider both site and tree selection. You want to ensure that you are choosing the right type of woodland to go in the right place for the right reason.
Native woodland has all of the benefits of a commercial scheme but usually with less long term management. Some benefits include shelter, making use of less productive ground, sediment control, bank stabilisation and connecting existing woodlands to expand this nature resource.
Scottish Rural Development Program under the Forestry Grant Scheme offers both capital and management payments for woodland creation. More information about available payments and target areas can be found here. Scottish Forestry has created a short downloadable guide to the Forestry Grant Scheme - Woodland Creation.
If you would like additional information regarding native woodland creation that is more specific to your needs please contact our helpline and ask for a member of the woodlands team.
Consider the following things when thinking about the location of your native woodland;
- Are there any issue with peat? (>50cm)
- Are there any designations? (SSSI, Archaeology etc.)
- Presence of existing native woodlands
- Access for ground preparation, fencing and planting
The Scottish Forestry Map Viewer website will show you suitability of different grant options for woodland type i.e. Native Scots Pine, Native Broadleaves, Native Upland Birch.
A good starting point for species choice is the Ecological Site Classification website. Using modelled data this will give you a list of tree species which should perform well at your chosen site.
Having a mix of species can help with both pest and disease resistance.
When considering native woodland creation it useful to take note of existing native tree species in your area as these are more likely to perform well. For example native Scots Pine within the Cairngorm National Park whereas Birch, Willows and Alder are more suited to wetter environments. If you have pockets of better ground within the area you are considering species such as Oak may be suitable. See our Quick Guide table below or download a printable copy here.
Farm Woodland - Quick Guide to Broadleaved Tree Species*General yield class is a measure of productivity. It is the average annual gain in timber volume per hectare per year over the rotation. For example, a yield class of 16 indicates an average annual timber volume gain of 16m3/ha/yr. Yield class varies between species (some grow faster than others) and site conditions. A tree species planted on an unsuitable site will have a lower yield class than the same species growing in more suitable conditions. Yield class ranges are based on trees grown in pure, single-species stands and are indicative only.
Our Quick Guide to Short Rotation Forestry Species might also be of interest.
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