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Protecting Scotland's Peatlands

A Critical Source Of Carbon Capture

More than 20% of our land in Scotland is covered by peat and according to NatureScot, they hold the equivalent of 140 years’ worth of Scotland’s total annual greenhouse gas emissions. Peatlands have been capturing and storing carbon for thousands of years, however, when degraded these peatlands actively emit carbon. Peatland restoration provides a crucial vehicle to help Scotland tackle climate change and provides a low hanging fruit enabling farmers to offset greenhouse gas emissions.

Key Benefits Of Peatland Restoration

Peatland restoration is becoming increasingly high profile, with Scottish Government proposing £250 million over 10 years to help meet climate targets and help Scotland work towards its ambition of zero net carbon by 2045. In addition to storing carbon, healthy peatlands also:

  • support biodiversity
  • help purify water
  • regulate water flows and prevent downstream flooding
Gully erosion on a blanket bog

Read our guide on the benefits of restoring degraded peatland, including sequestering carbon, improving biodiversity and water quality. Read more >>


How To Get Started

A stone dam used in wide channel which was previously eroded down to mineral layer. The eroding sides of the channel have been covered by geotextiles to stop the erosion and encourage vegetation growth.

How do you know your peatland is degraded? What are the first steps you take in restoration? Read this guide on the practicalities around restoring peatland, from identifying signs of degraded peatland, to different methods of restoration. Read more >>

An example of blanket bog with a wetland pond, green with algae, situated in the middle of an area of wet peatland.

Our Practical Guide provides all the core information you need to start thinking about your peatland, from types of peatland, restoration methods, and an overview of carbon credits. Read more >>

A girl sitting on a stone stack overlooking an area of peatland in the Scottish hills.

Peatland restoration is an expensive process, often costing hundreds of thousands of pounds. However there is financial support available. Read this guide on what support is available through public funding and carbon finance.  Read more >>

Further Resources

Beyond that, we would also recommend NatureScot’s Peatland ACTION resource: Peatland ACTION | NatureScot

And the IUCN’s Peatland programme: Peatland Code | IUCN UK Peatland Programme (

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