In the UK, the Corncrake is classified as Red under the Birds of Conservation Concern and protected in the UK under the Wildlife and Countryside Act, 1981. They are of high conservation concern because of major population declines both historically and recently.
Once widespread throughout the UK, its population declined catastrophically during the 20th century due to the mechanisation of mowing and earlier mowing of grass crops. By the 1990s it bred only in the Hebrides and Orkney in Scotland.
Find our more in our Information Note.
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