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Woodland Creation

There are many reasons why investing in woodland can help your farm business.  The benefits include:

  • Shelter for livestock and crops
  • Biosecurity for livestock
  • Improvements in biodiversity
  • Reduction of diffuse pollution & bank stabilisation
  • Cash inflow from timber crops
  • Carbon sequestration
  • Sports/leisure diversification

In this section, we have gathered the information you need to help get you started.  Our podcast discusses the Top Ten questions our foresters get asked about woodland creation & management.

Native Woodland Creation

Scottish Forestry, define 'Native Woodlands' as:

"Native tree species are those which arrived naturally in Scotland without direct human assistance as far as we can tell. Most of our native tree and shrub species colonised Scotland after the last Ice Age (which ended roughly 9,000 years ago), with seeds dispersed by wind, water, and animals.

Scotland's most common native trees and shrubs include Scots pine, birch (downy and silver), alder, oak (pedunculate and sessile), ash, hazel, willow (various species), rowan, aspen, wych elm, hawthorn, holly, juniper, elder and wild cherry. "

When considering the creation of native woodland it is important to think about both the site and tree selection.  You want to ensure that you are choosing the right type of woodland to go in the right place for the right reason.  Native woodland has all of the benefits of a commercial scheme but usually with less long term management.  Some benefits include shelter, making use of less productive ground, sediment control, bank stabilisation and connecting existing woodlands to expand this natural resource.  Find out more on our 'Native Woodland Creation' page where we have links to lots more information and resources.

Ready to find out more?

Commercial Woodland Creation

Commercial forestry describes woodlands grown with the main aim of producing a timber crop.  Most commonly, particularly in Scotland, this means fast-growing conifers producing softwood timber, but also includes broadleaves grown for hardwood timber.

UK commercial forestry has historically been dominated by the fast-growing and versatile Sitka spruce.  Other common species include Scots pine, Douglas fir, Norway spruce and larches. In response to climate change and the threat from tree pests and diseases, a wider range of conifer species are being planted: find out more about alternative conifer species in Farm Woodland News 34 Spring 2020

Commercial broadleaved woodlands can produce high quality, high-value hardwood timber in the right climate conditions and on good quality land. Typical tree species suitable for growing hardwood timber crops include oak, sycamore, cherry, beech and birch.

Find out more in our Commercial Woodlands Creation page where we have links to lots more information and resources.

Ready to find out more?

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